Conventional womb-to-tomb form: French Republic
conventional short form: France
local long form: République FrançaisePost ads:
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local shortened form: France
Government type: republic
Capital: ParisPost ads:
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Administrative divisions: 22 regions (regions, extraordinary - locality); Alsace, Aquitaine, Auvergne, Basse-Normandie, Bourgogne, Bretagne, Centre, Champagne-Ardenne, Corse, Franche-Comte, Haute-Normandie, Ile-de-France, Languedoc-Roussillon, Limousin, Lorraine, Midi-Pyrenees, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Pays de la Loire, Picardie, Poitou-Charentes, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, Rhone-Alpes.
note: metropolitan France is split into 22 regions (including the "territorial collectivity" of Corse or Corsica) and is divided into 96 departments; see pull apart entries for the foreign departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Reunion) and the foreign region collectivities (Mayotte, Saint Pierre and Miquelon).
Dependent areas: Bassas da India, Clipperton Island, Europa Island, French Polynesia, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, New Caledonia, Tromelin Island, Wallis and Futuna.
note: the US does not accept claims to Antarctica.
Independence: 486 (unified by Clovis)
National holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Constitution: 28 September 1958, revised as regards election of business executive in 1962, amended to obey with viands of EC Maastricht Treaty in 1992, Amsterdam Treaty in 1996, Treaty of Nice in 2000; amended to change immigration religious text 1993.
Legal system: civilian law rules beside endemic concepts; revision of body but not assembly acts.
Suffrage: 18 eld of age; general.
elections: president electoral by popular with survey for a five-year word (changed from seven-year term in 2001); vote second control 21 April and 5 May 2002 (next to be held, prototypical spherical NA April 2007, 2d roundish NA May 2007); glory days cleric nominated by the National Assembly figure and nominated by the corporate executive.
Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (321 room - 296 for municipality France, 13 for overseas departments and territories, and 12 for French nationals abroad; members are obliquely electoral by an choice body to spoon out nine-year terms; elected by thirds both cardinal age) and the National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (577 seats; members are elective by having mass appeal determination low a single-member majoritarian set-up to dollop five-year language).
Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Appeals or Cour de Cassation, book are appointed by the business executive from nominations of the High Council of the Judiciary; Constitutional Council or Conseil Constitutionnel, cardinal members nonelective by the president, cardinal members nonelective by the president of the National Assembly, and three nominative by the president of the Senate; Council of State or Conseil d'Etat.
Political parties and leaders: Citizens Movement or MdC [Jean Pierre CHEVENEMENT]; Communist, Republican, and Citizen or CRC (mainly PCF) [leader NA]; Democratic and European Social Rally or RDES (mainly RAD and PRG) [leader NA]; French Communist Party or PCF [Robert HUE]; Generation Ecology [Brice LALONDE]; Independent Ecological Movement or MEI [Antoine WAECHTER]; Left Radical Party or PRG (previously Radical Socialist Party or PRS and the Left Radical Movement or MRG) [Jean-Michel BAYLET]; Liberal-Christian Right [Charles MILLON]; Liberal Democracy or DL (originally Republican Party or PR) [Alain MADELIN]; Movement for France or MPF [Philippe DE VILLIERS]; Movement of Reformers [Jean-Pierre SOISSON]; National Front or FN [Jean-Marie LE PEN]; National Republican Movement [Bruno MEGRET]; Popular Party for French Democracy or PPDF [Herve DE CHARETTE]; Radical Party or RP [Francois LOOS]; Rally for France or RPF [Charles PASQUA]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Michelle ALLIOT-MARIE]; Republicans and Independents or RI (mainly DL) [leader NA]; Socialist Party or PS [Francois HOLLANDE]; The Greens [Dominique VOYNET]; Union for French Democracy or UDF (coalition of DL, CDS, UDF, RP, and new parties) [Francois BAYROU]; Union for the
Presidential Majority or UMP (includes RPR, DL, few UDF, and RPF) [Alain JUPPE]; Union of the Center or UDC [leader NA].
Political pressure groups and leaders: Communist-controlled toil association (Confederation Generale du Travail) or CGT, well-nigh 2.4 million members (claimed); free-living labor federal or Force Ouvriere, 1 a million members (est.); nonsymbiotic skilled northern or Confederation Generale des Cadres, 340,000 members (claimed); Movement of French Enterprises (Mouvement des entrprises de France) or MEDEF; note - entitle utilized to be National Council of French Employers (Conseil National du Patronat Francais) or CNPF or Patronat; Socialist-leaning labour coalition (Confederation Francaise Democratique du Travail) or CFDT, in the region of 800,000 members (est.).
International consortium participation: ACCT, AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BDEAC, BIS, CCC, CDB (non-regional), CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECA (associate), ECE, ECLAC, EIB, EMU, ESA, ESCAP, EU, FAO, FZ, G- 5, G- 7, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, InOC, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MIPONUH, MONUC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SPC, UN, UN Security Council, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WADB (nonregional), WCL, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC.